History of the Perthshire Patons

Paton - part 1

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Paton - part 1
Paton - Part 2
Paton - part 3
Paton - part 4
Paton - part 5
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The Paton Family

(Part One)

 

The Paton surname goes way back into the 1500s in Highland Scotland, but it is not, however, a formal clan name. Although there are Paton septs of the Clan MacDonald of Clanranald, and in particular of the Clan MacLean, the name is believed to have actually started as a Christian name, meaning 'son of Pat' or 'son of Patrick', with the '-on' as a French suffix meaning 'son of' (the French equivalent of the Gaelic 'Mac', or the Norman 'Fitz'). From the 1912 book, "Surnames of the United Kingdom", two possible origins to the name are posited, the second, as already mentioned, being the most likely:

PATON  1. the French Paton, an accus. and dim. form of the O. Teut. Pato.    2. Paton is so common a surname in Scotland that it must have another source besides the French name - prob. the dim. of Patrick (q.v.), with the Fr. dim. suff, -on.

In the 15th Century the name Paton began to gain usage as a surname in Scotland, particularly in Ayrshire and Perthshire, although today it is to be found all over Scotland.

Our branch of the Paton family has been traced back as far as 18th Century Perthshire in Scotland, and in Calum's and Jamie's line makes its way from Dunbarney in Perthshire to Perth, south to Blackford, then via Brussels and Glasgow to Northern Ireland in the mid Twentieth Century, eventually returning to Scotland in 1997. Other branches of the family live in Bridge of Earn, East Kilbride and Glasgow in Scotland, as well as in various areas in southern England, Australia and the United States. 

The name is also seen as Patton and Pattone in the documents specifically relevant to our ancestry, and other known variants include Patten, Patterson and Beaton, and even the anglicised Gaelic form, 'MacFadden' (Mac Phaidin).

 
ASSOCIATED NAMES:

Barbour   Barry   Beauregard   Bell   Blaikie   Bonnie   Boulden   Brown   Butler   Cameron   Carmichael   Chan   Chapman   Charnley   Clark   Cobby   Cockburn   Coleen   Colverson   Cooper   Coupar   Crowston   Currie   Curtis   David   Deem   Dubberlin   Dunlop   Dunne   Dysart   Edwards   Eiseler   Fellion   Fenwick   Frye   Gideon   Giles   Goodfellow   Goss   Goulden   Graham   Gray   Hackel   Hagen   Hatfield   Hay   Henderson   Hienga   Hogarth   Hosford   Hughes  Hunter  Jackson   Kelly   Kiler   Kuyers   Lawson   Leyner   Lone   McCall   MacDonald   MacFarlane   McGregor   McLennan   McLeod   MacKay   Margaret   Martin   Mayne   Melissa   Mellon-Grant   Milligan   Mills   Montefiore   Moore   Nicole   O' Hare   Pastor-Castro   Payne   Perrie   Plant   Pollock   Proctor   Quinn   Reid   Reisman   Rogers   Rooke   Salazar   Salvas   Saywood   Scaife   Scott   Senasyck   Sharpe   Shaw   Sikes   Sitwell   Smith   Stewart   Thomas   Troop   Tyrell   Watson   West   Wightman   Wood   Woodroffe   Wright   Yaddow   Young   Zibetti

NB: Family history charts can be accessed at http://www.tribalpages.com/tribes/chrispaton

Patons of Perthshire - DNA
 
The y-chromosomal DNA signature for the Paton line has been established, following the taking of a test through the Family Tree DNA service. The results are presented below:

Our Paton family is a member of Y-DNA Haplogroup R1b1b2 also known as M269. A second DNA test through the Sorenson Molecular Genelaogy Foundation confirms the same haplogroup, and a frequency distribution map shows that the highest population concentration in Europe for this group is located in Ireland.

John Paton - unconfirmed
Abt. 1720 - aft 1790
 
Calum's and Jamie's seven times great grandfather was likely to have been John Paton, a resident of the Perthshire village of Kintillo within the parish of Dunbarney. It is likely, however, that he in fact originated in the parish of Auchtergaven just slightly further north within the county.

The location of Rimalton, from Stobie's 1783 map (click to enlarge)

The evidence linking our family to the parish of Dunbarney initially came from the birth records of the children of Calum's and Jamie's six times great grandfather John Patton - these being Agnes in 1772 and John in 1778 - as well as John junior's 1851 census record (see below). Both were recorded at birth as being from 'Rimbletown', with subsequent research establishing that this was in fact Rimalton, beside Craigend. This was located to the west of Moncrieffe Hill about two miles south of Perth, as depicted on Stobie's map of Perthshire in 1783 (see right).
 
The initial pattern established was that our John had been resident in Rimalton from at least 1772 to 1778, and that in the following year of 1779 he had moved to another cottage just slightly north at Sconieburn. By the early 1790s he had then found his way to the Craigie district of Perth, where in addition to working as a salmon fisherman, he had earned an income as a handloom weaver in the cottages at Carr's Croft (with salmon fishing being a seasonal activity).
 
Upon examining the kirk session records (both minutes and parochial accounts) for Dunbarney parish, within which both Rimalton and Craigend were located, two siblings have now been identified for John. The first is James Patton, who had at least four children between 1764 and 1772 at the Boat of Dunbarney, situated on the River Earn within Dunbarney parish, before moving to Craigend, where between 1777 and 1783 he had three further children. James worked as a mason, as did two of John's grandsons; and John worked as a salmon fisherman, as did at least one of James' grandsons, who also settled in Craigie.
 
Our John's first child Agnes was born shortly after his marriage, in 1773, but it is not until five years later that we find a record for a son, called John, immediately followed by a William the year after. If this was John's first child, then the Scottish naming pattern would suggest that his father was also called John (eldest son named after the father's father). James' first known son, however, was called William, which may go against this theory - if the Scottish naming pattern was adhered to, which was not always the case.
 
The second brother in Dunbarney is William Paton, based in Kintillo village, who, like John, worked as a handloom weaver. As with James, William named his eldest son William in 1770, and then his second son James in 1771. The first son called William died, and so a third son was given the name when born in 1773. Whilst no record exists directly naming James as John's brother, a record has been identified linking William and John as siblings. Several kirk session records also name William and James as making joint loans together, and this, combined with the circumstantial evidence surrounding James' movements and the occupations of his sons etc, strongly suggest James was John's brother also.
 
The connection to Kintillo means that a record within the pre-1855 Monumental Inscriptions for South Perthshire, Lower Strathearn Vol. 1 (ed. by Alison Mitchell) is quite possibly that of the three boys' father. The record contains the details of a headstone at Old Dunbarney Church, which reads as follows:
1790 - John PATON tenant Kintelow, w. Janet PEDDIE 2.1.1789 67
 
This is an abridgement of the actual headstone inscription, which more fully reads as follows:
1790
 
Here lyes the dust of
JANNET PEDIE spouse to John
PATON tennant in KINTELOW
who died the 2nd of Jan 1789
aged 67 years
 
In other words, Janet PATON, nee PEDIE died on January 2nd 1789 aged 67, placing her birth year at about 1722. A further entry for Janet's death is located within the accounts for the kirk session of Dunbarney (CH2/100/6/318):
Jany 11th 1789
To the Cloth for John Patons wife 2s 6d
 
There is no equivalent record for a mortcloth for for John in 1790, and so it is possible that this is the year in which he erected the headstone for Janet, rather than a year of death for him. John and Janet had previously married in the parish of Auchtergaven on December 17th 1756 (OPR M 330/10). The wording in the entry is very basic:
17th Decr
John Paton & Janet Peddy both in this parish
 
Whilst it is highly possible that this John was the father of John, William and James, Janet Peddy could not have been their mother, as they were born prior to this marriage. It would therefore seem that this might have been a second marriage for John, and if it is the boys' father, that he perhaps moved to Kintillo to take up a tenancy shortly after.

CHILDREN of John or William PATON:
1) John Paton
b: 1745 d: 1820
 
Calum's and Jamie's six times great grandfather - see below.
 
 
 
2) James Paton
b: abt 1745  d: abt 4/3/1804
 
James was a mason who came from Dunbarney and migrated his way north out of the parish through the Boat of Dunbarney to Craigend in Perth. The move to Craigend was likely to be because of the quarry established there.
 
Although a marriage record has not been found, it is believed that James' wife was called Janet MacGregor, as noted in the death certificate for his son Joseph in 1862 (a record within which James is mistakenly recorded as a mason called John - however, as there was only one Joseph born in 1783, or within that decade at all in Dunbarney, it is obviously him).
 
The following note in the Dunbarney kirk session records, dated 4 MAR 1804, is believed to be for the hire of a mortcloth for James' burial:
Cloth on Ja. Paton  2s 6d
 
Children of James PATON and Janet MacGREGOR:
Ann Paton
b. 29/11/1764  d.1???
 
Ann was born in Dunbarney in 1764 (OPR: 347/00):
Ann Daughter to James Paton mason at the Boat of Dunbarney Novembr 29th
 
 
Catharine Paton
b. 21/7/1765 d. after 1790
 
Catharine was born in Dunbarney in 1764 (OPR: 347/00):
Catharine daur to James Paton at Dunbarne Boat bap Jul 21st
This would appear to be the Katherine Paton who was forced to appear before the kirk session at Dunbarney on 30 JAN 1790 (Source: CH2/100/6/122 Dunbarney kirk session minutes):
Kirk of Dunbarny Jany 30th
 
The Session met and being constitute compeared David Allan and Katherine Paton, and confessed themselves guilty of antenuptial fornication, they were rebuked for their Sin and Scandal, and ordered to make their public appearance next Lord's Day.
 
William Paton
b. 28/1/1770  d. 1???
 
William was born in Dunbarney in 1764 (OPR: 347/00):
William son to James Patton at Boat of Dunbarney Janr 28th
 
 
James Paton
b. 19/4/1772  d. 1???
 
James was born in Dunbarney in 1764 (OPR: 347/00):
James son to James Patton at Boat of Dunbarney Apr 19th 1772
 
 
Janet Paton
b. 14/9/1777  d. 1???
 
Janet was born in Dunbarney in 1764 (OPR: 347/00):
James Paton in Craigend had a Daughter baptized September 14th named Janet
 
 
Alexander Paton
b. 25/7/1779  d. 1???
 
Alexander was born in Dunbarney in 1764 (OPR: 347/00):
James Paton Mason in Craigend had a son Baptized July 25th named _____  Alexander
 
 
Joseph Paton
b. 29/6/1783  d. 15/12/1862
 
Joseph was born in Dunbarney in 1764 (OPR: 347/00):
James Paton mason in Craigend had a son Baptized June 29th named Joseph.
 
 
3) William Paton
b: about 1745  d: abt 30/10/1808
 
William lived within the small Dunbarney village of Kintillo, where he worked as a handloom weaver, before relocating to Pottiehill circa 1791.
 
William's connection to the family is confirmed through a note in the Kirk Session minutes for Dunbarney (Source: NRS CH2/100/6/40 Dunbarney kirk session minutes):

November 25th 1768

Lent upon Bill conjunctly and severally to William Paton in Kintullo and John Paton his Brother payable three days after date three pound sterling

There is a separate reference to a paymnt to William in the kirk session accounts ledger, dated 17 JAN 1869 (Source: NRS CH2/100/6/210 Dunbarney kirk session minutes):
Lent upon Bill to William Paton in Kintullo 36.0.0 
Ths appears to be a separate loan of 36 in William's name alone.
 
Along with his brother James, William again borrowed money from the Kirk Session in Dunbarney two years later, and the session minutes record an interest payment on this that he subsequently made in return:

1771 April 21st

Received from William and James Paton six shillings sterling as two years interest preceeding the 6 of December 1770 years.

This would seem to reinforce the suggestion that William and James were brothers, or at least related in some way. Another entry in the accounts is likely also for William and James, dated 21 JAN 1772, although their surname is mistakenly recorded as Panton (Source: NRS CH2/100/6/216 Dunbarney kirk session accounts):

Recd from James and William Pantons 3.12.0

At the end of 1775, a note in the kirk session records states that all future accounts will be kept in Sterling, due to the 'inconvenience' of recording transactions in the Scots pound - therefore implying that, unless otherwise stated, the above payments to the Patons were made in Scots and not Sterling (CH2/100/6/228).

 

Another payment on a bill in favour of William was made by him back to the session in January 1776 (Source: NRS CH2/100/6/60 Dunbarney kirk session minutes):

January 1st 1776

 

The Minister reported that he had received Twelve shillings sterling from William Paton in Kintullloh as four years Interest due on his Bill preceeding the twenty third of December 1774.

 

Another entry concerning the same payment is in the accounts (Source: NRS CH2/100/6/236 Dunbarney kirk session accounts):

Received from Willm Paton in Kintulloh four years interest due in his Bill preceeding Decemr 23rd 1774  12s

The kirk session account records list several more payments:

(CH2/100/6/278)

Jany 3d 1782

Recd Willm Paton’s Ins 12s

 

 

(CH2/100/6/296)

January 28th

Recd Willm Patons Ins preceeding Jany 12th 1784  6s 10d

 

A further payment from William to the session in January 1787 was recorded in the minutes (Source: NRS CH2/100/6/236 Dunbarney kirk session minutes):

The minister informed the Session that he had recd 1 years Int on Mess Sandeman's Bill of 100 Str viz from Mich 1785 to Do. 1786 viz 15 Str  Also that he had recd from Wm Paton 2 Str in part payt of his Bill which was marked on the Back of said Bill

Again, this was also noted in the accounts (Source: NRS CH2/100/6/306 Dunbarney kirk session accounts):

Jany 8th 1787

Recvd in part payment of Willm Patons Bill 2

By 1791 William had relocated from Kintillo to the Hill of Pottie (now Pottiehill), as noted in the kirk session minutes (Source: CH2/100/6/120 Dunbarney kirk session minutes):

Also that he had received from William Paton weaver in the Hill of Pottie the Ballance of his Bill of 3 9s 2 of which being formerly paid, the Ballance of Interest amounting to 11 17s Str which was given in to the Session

Again, there was also a brief mention in the accounts:

1791 Jany

Recd Ballance of William Paton's Bill and Int 1 17s

 

It is believed that William died in 1808, thanks to the following mortcloth hire reference in the Dunbarney kirk session accounts on 30 OCT 1808:

Cloth on William Paton   1s 8d 

 

Children of William PATON and (UNKNOWN):

Margaret Paton

b. 14/2/1768

 

Margaret was christened in February 1768 (OPR 347/00):

Margaret dau: to William Paton in Kintullo ffebry 14th

 

 

William Paton

b. 17/1/1770

 

William was christened in January 1770 (OPR 347/00):

William son to William Patton in Kintullo January 17th 

William appears to have died in infancy.

 

 

 

James Paton

c. 20/10/1771

 

James was baptised in October 1771 (OPR 347/00):

James son to William Paton in Kintullo October 20th 1771

 

 

William Paton

c. 26/9/1773

 

William was baptised in September 1773 (OPR 347/00):

William son to William Patton in Kintullo Septr 26th

 

 

Thomas Paton

c. 3/9/1775

 

Thomas was baptised in September 1775 (OPR 347/00):

Thomas son to William Paton in Kintulloh Baptized September 3d

 

 

Janet Paton

c. 3/5/1778

 

Janet was baptised in May 1778 (OPR 347/00):

William Paton weaver in Kintullo had a Daughter Baptized May 3th named Janet

 

 

David Paton

c. 7/5/1780

 

David was christened in May 1780 (OPR 347/00):

William Paton weaver in Kintulloh had a son Baptized May 7th called David

 

 

Ann Paton

c. 14/12/1783

 

Ann was christened in December 1783 (OPR 347/00):

William Paton in Kintullo had a Daughter Baptized and named Ann

 

John Paton
Abt. 1745 - 4/5/1820

John is confirmed as Calum's and Jamie's great great great great great great grandfather.

The possibility of John Paton being our earliest confirmed Paton ancestor was first raised in March 2002 by distant cousin Pamela McLennan. Follow up research at our end has since confirmed this possibility as fact, so many thanks to Pamela for the tip off!

John was born into a Scotland in approximately 1745, as noted from the newsaper account of his death in 1820 (see below) which described him as a 75 year old man. This means that he would have been born at the time when Scotland was making its last throw of the dice in an attempt to restore the deposed Stuart royal family to the country's throne. The dream ended on the fields of Drummossie Moor, with Bonnie Prince Charlie's defeat at the Battle of Culloden, the last battle to be fought on mainland Britain, and which cemented the position of the House of Hanover as the new British monarchic line. In the aftermath of the failed Jacobite rebellion, a series of punitive laws were decreed, banning any sense of Gaelic Highland identity - Gaelic was banned as the Highland language, the wearing of tartan was forbidden and the carrying of arms made illegal. Whilst it is known that a few of Calum's and Jamie's ancestors in Perth had Jacobite sympathies, it is not known where the loyalty of the Patons lay...

Little is known of John's early history, but it seems now that he was indeed from the parish of Dunbarney, though working just over the parish border in Perth. What is known is that he earned a living as both a hand loom weaver and a salmon fisherman, and that he married Agnes Watson in Perth in May 1772 (OPR: 387/19):

Perth May 8th One thousand seven hundred & seventy two contracted John Paton weaver and Agnes Watson both in this parish, Alex Tod Elder, Married May 28th by Mr James Scott minr.

The kirk session minutes also record that John and Ann (noted as Ann and not Agnes) had previously paid three shillings and fourpence as contract money for the marriage on April 23rd 1772 (CH2/521/21/439). This was a payment paid in advance as a surety that the marriage would happen, and which would be returned if all had gone well. If they decided to have a right old celebration after, they will not have bothered to ask for their money back! The following comes from Dunbarney: A Parish with a Past (p.44):

A useful source of income to the kirk was the 'pledges' demanded from couples who were being 'proclaimed' with a view to marriage, the pledge being returned if the wedding took place, but retained if it did not. In 1728 an edict was read forbidding 'penny weddings', so-called because each person attending handed over a small sum to help pay for the liquid refreshment. Penny weddings tended to become over-convivial, at least in the eyes of the kirk, so it was decreed that if a penny wedding took place the pledge would not be returned. At Dunbarney most people preferred to forfeit the pledge and enjoy the conviviality, so the session's finances benefited considerably...

By the end of 1772, the couple were probably in trouble with regard to obtaining food. Wet weather and a poor harvest led to the people of Perth enduring a desperate shortage of grain towards the end of the year, a situation which led to a great deal of unrest. When word reached the citizens of Perth that a foreign ship was loading grain in the town's harbour, the townsfolk made their way purposefully towards the harbour, boarded the ship and retrieved the grain, throwing it from the ship back onto the dock. By the time that the magistrate had oredred a detatchment of redcoats to the dock, the townsfolk and forty sacks of grain had disappeared. Two stragglers were caught and sent to the town gaol, and on the following day, the town's citizens marched onto the prison, demanding the release of the two. With several soldiers to back him up, Provost Stewart read the Riot Act to the citizens, but soon capitulated and released the two prisoners, diffusing the situation. Emboldened by their success, the mob soon marched on to Elcho Castle, where rumour had it that a huge store of grain was being kept by a corn factor named Donaldson. Donaldson's troops fled at the site of the mob, and when the Perth folk discovered the grain, he was forced to deliver it to the markets in Perth. After several more such excursions, the magistrates of Perth soon restored control to the city with the aid of a detachment of dragoons, hastily brought to the city from Linlithgow.Whether John was involved with the mob is not known, but he and his family would almost certainly have had sympathies with them, suffering the same food shortage.

In the following year, Perth's citizens had another situation to face when the River Tay froze after a frost set in on January 1st, lasting until February 11th. When the thaw set in, the ice blocked the flow of the water being released, causing Perth to be inundated with a flood that covered several of the town's streets and the whole of the North Inch, with five ships berthed in the harbour thrown ashore as well. The situation would undoubtedly have disrupted John's ability to visit the Perth markets to sell his woven cloth and to pick up new materials for his trade at his cottage. 

'Rimalton' and 'Scoonyburn' in 1783 (Stobie, NLS)

John and Agnes (also referred to as Ann) may have had more than three children, but at the moment only three are confirmed, although evidence of a possible fourth has also been found. The earliest child was their daughter Agnes baptised in the parish of Dunbarney in May 1773. In the old parochial register, John is listed as being resident in Rimbltown. For a while this caused considerable confusion, as the only Rimbltown that could be found was a Rimbleton located about ten miles away in neighbouring Fife, situated in the Markinch area of modern Glenrothes. In fact, it now transpires that Rimbltown was in fact Rimalton, located to the west of Moncrieffe Hill, beside Craigend, and about two miles south of Perth.

By 1777, John's son John was also baptised in Rimalton ('Rimbletown'), Dunbarney, as well, and by March 7th 1779 the family had moved a few hundred yards further north, with their son William recorded as being born at the edge of the town in Sconieburn, near the Craigie district, which was home to the town’s rapidly growing weaving community. The placename of Sconieburn Hill still exists, and is just off the A912 into Perth, where the current prison in Perth stands today.

It is not known how long the family lived at Sconieburn, and it is entirely possible that the family in fact moved back into Dunbarney. Two records within the Dunbarney kirk session records would certainly seem to suggest this. The first concerns what may well be the death of John's wife Ann (CH2/100/6/272):

Octr 2d 1780

By the Cloth on John Paton’s wife  2s 6d

Ann certainly is not found in any subsequent record after the birth of her son William in the previous year, which may support this.

The second record concerns what would appear to be the death of a fourth, and unnamed, child to the couple (CH2/100/6/298):

March 13th 1785

Discharge

To John Patons child grave making 6d

It seems further possible that John remarried again just a few months later in 1790, with a record from Dunbarney kirk session minutes noting the payment of pledge money, as follows (CH2/100/6/324):

Oct 17 1790

John Paton and Christian Gibb both in this parish contd 2s

 

No subsequent marriage record has been found for this event in the OPRs, and no children have been established as having been born to the couple.

 

By 1795 John had certainly moved back into the parish of Perth, settling about a mile north of Sconieburn at a weaver’s cottage in Carr's Croft, at the foot of Craigie Hill (as noted in his daughter Ann's wedding in July 1995, where she is noted as Ann Paton daughter to John Paton, Fisher in Carrs Croft). The cottage, one of ten, was to become home to four generations of Patons. Although the street name of Carr's Croft remains in Perth to this day, only one of the original cottages remains, the rest having been demolished in the 1930s. 

 

carrscroft.jpg
Carr's Croft, pictured in 1904 prior to its demolition, once home to four generations of Patons

 

For John and family, work as a weaver at this period was low paid, but there was plenty of it, and the industry was on the increase. In 1689, there were 34 hand loom weavers recorded as working in Perth. But in 1758, two textile factories had been built by the New Row Company and the Mill Wynd Company to create fine sheeting, resulting in plenty of work for hand loom weavers, and by the mid-1770s, there was such a high boom in the trade of woven products that a vast trade existed between Perth and the West Indies, as well as Danzig, the Netherlands and Glasgow. By 1794, there were some 1500 hand loom weavers in Perth.

On a daily basis, John and his family would have worked as a unit. John would have operated the loom, a complicated array of shuttles, pedals, warps and frame, whilst his wife, along with their children, would have helped to keep the weaving operation going by preparing the pirns, or bobbins, from which the threads were woven, an essential part of the process.

George Penny's "Traditions of Perth", published in 1836, gives a description on the state of the Perth weaving trade:

perthshireweaver.jpg

The Weavers were once a numerous and ancient body; but the act of Parliament for the encouragement of manufactures, which gave liberty of trade to all engaged in any of its branches, rendered the corporation of little value. They had a considerable property in South Street. At one time they held a seat in the council, but they have long been deprived of it; they still, however, retain a vote in the convener court. About the time of Queen Mary, they had been esteemed an important body, as we find that she presented them with a flag of fine silk, on which the figures were wrought with needle-work of the richest pattern, by her Majesty's own hand.

This corporation was for many years very unfortunate in the management of their business. Their deacons and boxmasters came out every year defalcators, frequently to a considerable extent, until their funds dwindled to nothing; ultimately a heavy load of debt was incurred, which was followed by bankruptcy, and the breaking up of the corporation. The consequence was, their whole property was put ot the hammer; even their seats in the churches, and their ancient flag, were disposed of.

Besides their annual election dinner, the members met frequently in their tenant's house, then a respectable brew-seat, where they guzzled away their funds. They had an ancient custom of meeting there annually on Fasten's Eve, and having fortified themselves with fat brose in the morning, the rest of the day was devoted to tippling. Since their bankruptcy, a new body has been formed, rather on the principle of a friendly society than a privileged order; they, however, still retain their seat in the convener court, and elect their deacon annually.

There is a question mark over whether Ann survived long at Carr's Croft however. An Ann Paton was noted as having died in Perth on August 7th 1796 and as having been buried at Greyfriars Cemetery two days later. She was aged 34 and was a spouse to John Paton, with the cause of death being 'childbed'. There is no further information in the Perth burial register to pinpoint her further, and there was at least one other Ann married to a John Paton in Perth atthe same time, named Ann Gardiner, so the possibility exists equally that it could be her. No monumental inscriptions exist for this burial.

As well as being a handloom weaver, John also worked in his later years as a salmon fisherman on the River Tay. When his son John died in 1861, this was in fact listed as John senior's sole occupation, and it was an industry into which John junior followed, as well as continuing his father's work as a weaver. The reason for the change of job is unclear, although it may be that either William or John had taken over operating his handloom, as both had become weavers in their own right.

Salmon fishing in 18th Century Perth was a huge business. The following from an internet article entitled The Scots Centuries-Old Way to Conserve Salmon Privately by Iain A. Robertson describes the industry at that time:

Evidence strongly suggests that during the 18th century conservation of salmon was not a matter of concern among those connected with the fisheries. Salmon were commonly seen as a plentiful resource. Thus, above the netted portion of the Tay River (which forms the basis of this study) and throughout the year, the local population helped themselves to salmon at will.

The general lack of concern must be put into context. By the 18th century, very few fishing proprietors worked their own fishings. Instead, the tack (lease) of the fishing was auctioned annually to one of a number of professional tacksmen (netsmen), seldom for a period of more than one fishing season. Clearly the price they were prepared to bid was crucial, and an important element in calculating this was the catches likely to be realized. Catch data were thus very valuable and no tacksman was willing to make known any catch information he might have, either to proprietors or other tacksmen. In such a situation, no one was in a position to know whether total catches were rising or falling.

During the second half of the 18th century, one tacksman, John Richardson of Pitfour, enjoyed particular success and established a virtual monopoly of the Tay salmon fisheries as well as having tacks on many other Scottish salmon rivers. His unique advantage was that he owned the boiling houses where the fish were kitted, and the salmon smacks that took the fish to southern markets. Thus, other local tacksman wishing to participate in the much more profitable market for kitted salmon had to sell to Richardson. The evidence strongly indicates that Richardson did not over-exploit the resource upon which the prosperity of his firm so obviously rested. Richardson's rgime endured to the last years of the century, but the end of the 18th century brought radical change to the Tay and other Scottish fisheries.

Stake nets were introduced in 1797. Stake nets were "fixed engines" in that they were stationary barriers that diverted the salmon into enclosures, but the estuarial proprietors claimed that, while these were banned in rivers, the firth (or estuary) where "the tide ebbs and flows" was not a river. The consequent fall in river catches -- and river proprietors' rentals -- was dramatic and much resented. Almost immediately, river proprietors sought to have stake nets banned and went to court. The river interest was ultimately successful and stake nets were banned from the Firth of Tay and all other Scottish firths in 1812. Estuarial proprietors, though, were not going to surrender their new-found prosperity without a fight. Thus, at the time when conservation emerged as a matter of general concern, joint action became impossible because the dispute over stake nets was given priority by both sides, making it impossible for a consensus about conservation to emerge. These animosities lasted for the remainder of the 19th century.

And the following, from Dunbarney: A Parish With a Past, by J. W. & R. E. Seath, gives a further description of the industry (p.53):

Writing in 1769, Thomas Pennant, on a visit to Perth states "About 12,000 or 14,000 lbs (about 5.5.to 6.5 tonnes) of salmon are each season cured and sent to London".... By the end of the century salmon for the London market were being packed in Ice. In Perth's Old Times and Trading (P. Baxter) we read that this idea apparently originated in China. Mr. Dempster of Dunnechin, M.P. for Perth, heard of it and mentioned it to Mr. Richardson, a well-known Perth salmon tacksman. He tried it out, and the trade prospered. Soon ice-packed catches from both the Tay and the Earn were being despatched regularly from Perth harbour to the capital in fast "salmon smacks" that could make the journey in fifty-two hours if winds and tides were favourable.

It was probably around this time that bothies began to be erected for the salmon fishers. Previously they had made do with earthen shelters excavated from the river bank. An article in the Dundee Advertiser a century later (1888) recalls an old story concerning one of these erstwhile shelters on the bank of the Earn. Several fishermen were enjoying their brose, then the staple diet of the working man, made simply by mixing oatmeal or peasemeal with water. Suddenly a frog fell from the grassy roof into the bowl from which one of the fishers was supping. Unwilling to lose any of his good brose, the man seized the intruder by a leg, licked it thoroughly and then released it, exclaiming, "Ye cam' clean and ye'll gang clean!" 

John senior died whilst walking out on the Perth streets, as recorded in the Perthshire Courier of May 4th 1820 (p.4 col.3):

This day an old man, about 75 years of age, named John Paton, fisher, Carscroft, when walking at the corner of Marshall Place, fell down in the street, and instantly expired.

 

CHILD of JOHN PATON and AGNES WATSON:

(1) Agnes Patton
b: 2/5/1773
 
Agnes was baptised in the parish of Dunbarney in May 1773:
May 2nd 1773
Agnes daughter to John Patton in Rimbltown
Jean daughter to Robert Robertson in Myretown of Kinmoth
 
This entry links to that of John Paton born in 1777, with Agnes being named after her mother, or possibly grandmother.
 
Agnes, or Ann as she was also known, married Robert Robertson in Perth in June 1795, with the following recorded in the old parochial register for the event (OPR: 387/210/171):
June 1795
 
Perth the Eighteenth day of June One Thousand Seven Hundred Ninety Five contracted  Robert Robertson, Weaver in Perth and Ann Paton, Daughter to John Paton Fisher in Cars Croft. Parties both in this Parish, Elder John Eadie.   The Persons before named were regularly proclaimed and Married the Third day of July said year by Mr. James Moody Minister of the Gospel Perth.
Ann and Robert went on to have a family of at least six children in Perth.
 
Ann eventually died aged 53 on September 9th 1827, with the burial register curiously listing her cause of death as "nervous frite". In the register, Ann's surname was spelt as Patan. She was buried in Greyfriar's Cemetery, Perth, on the same day that she died (A.K.Bell: PE1/202/21).
 
 
CHILDREN of ANN PATON and ROBERT ROBERTSON:
Ann Robertson
b: 27/3/1796
 
Ann was born in Perth on March 27th 1796 and christened on April 3rd (IGI).
 
 
 
Robert Robertson
b: 5/11/1797
 
Robert was born in Perth on November 5th 1797 and christened on November 12th (IGI).
 
 
 
Jean Robertson
b: 12/1/1799
 
Jean was born in Perth on January 12th 1799 and christened the following day (IGI).
 
 
 
John Robertson
b: 31/8/1801
 
John was born in Perth on August 31st 1801 and christened on September 6th (IGI).
 
 
 
Jean Robertson
b: 28/6/1803
 
Jean was born on June 28th 1803 and christened in the town on July 10th (IGI).
 
 
 
Catharine Robertson
b: 23/6/1805
 
Catharine was born on June 23rd 1805 and christened on the 30th (IGI). In the IGI listing, Ann's surname is written as Patton.
 
 
 
 

(2) John Paton
b: 4/1778 approx  d: 21/5/1861
 
From the 1851 census, it is stated that John was born on the outskirts of Perth, in the parish of Dunbarney. From the Dunbarney OPR, there is a John Paton born at approximately the right time:
Baptized April 27th, John, son to John Paton in Rimbletown 
There is no corresponding John Paton born in Perth at this time, so it is believed that this is the correct entry.
 
John married 22 year old Jean Coupar, daughter of weaver John Couper and Jean Valliance, in Perth on January 26th 1802.
Perth the Sixteenth day of January One Thousand eight hundred and two years ____ Contracted John Paton Weaver in Carrs Croft and Jean Coupar Daughter to John Coupar Weaver in Leonard Street in this Parish, Parties both in this Parish_____Elder Charles Gregor_____.
The Persons before named were regularly proclaimed and married the Twenty sixth day of January said year by Mr David Sangster, Minister of the Dissenting Congregation in Perth.
 
After their wedding, the couple settled down at Carrs Croft, and had at least three children. It is not known if they settled in the same house at Carrs Croft in which John's father and brother lived, but it is known that by 1841 they lived two houses down from them in a cottage of their own. The 1841 census records John, a 63 year old hand loom weaver, as living at Kerr's Croft (sic), along with his 60 year old wife Jean Paton, and his son John, a 36 year old hand loom weaver as well. Also in the house is listed a 13 year old girl called Grace Paton - this is in fact a wrongly named grandaughter of John's, whose real name was Grace Low Robertson (Cen:1841/387/4/2).
 
The records of King James VI Hospital in Perth show that the Hospital was in fact the feudal superior of the cottages at Carrs Croft at this stage, and from the rent book from 1847 to 1865, John Paton is listed as renting No. 4 Carr's Croft, the annual rent for his cottage being 2 15s Sterling, which was payable viable two separate payments of 1 7s 6d at the term days of Whitsunday (May 28th) and Martinmas (Nov 28th). The last recorded payment by John was on July 6th 1850, for the rent payable at Whitsunday previous. Form the rental book it is not hard to see why the family left the cottage - a description of the property later in 1858 describes the house as being "in very bad order at front". Adjoining cottages faired no better. Number 2 (possibly his brother William's former house) was noted in 1856 as "now in ruins and unlet"; Number 3 in 1861 as "house in very bad order, tenant had to leave and no rent paid"; whilst number 9 in 1848 was simply listed as "fallen down". An interesting tale also is mentioned concerning Number 19 - "This tenement fell one stormy night in November 1848". Clearly Carr's Croft had been underinvested in for years by the feudal superiors at the Hospital, a situation which would not be rectified by them until the mid 1850s and early 1860s. 
 
In 1851, John and his family were recorded in the census as now living in the weavers' district of Pomarium. In the census, John was listed as a 73 year old weaver, born in the parish of Dunbarney in Perthshire. His wife, Jean was there, aged 70, as was his son John, aged 47 and still working as a weaver like his father. But also in the house were six grandchildren, all belonging to his daughter Jean. Jean had died in 1849 of inflammation, and it is assumed that her children were raised by her parents - it is not known yet what happened to the children's father, James Robertson. The children were: 24 year old Alexander Robertson, a weaver; 22 year old Grace Robertson, a servant; 20 year old David Robertson, a weaver; 18 year old John Robertson, a weaver; 14 year old Jean Robertson, a servant; and 10 year old Ann Robertson (GROS Cen:1851/387/1/47).
 
At 2.20am on February 21st 1859, John's wife, Jean, died at the age of 79 of natural decay at her home on Leonard Street, Perth, as certified by Dr. David H. Stirling, who last saw her on February 10th. The informant to the Perth registrar was Jean's son John on the 21st, and she was subsequently buried in Wellshill Cemetery in the town (GROS:1859/387/1/105).
 
In April 1861, the census again recorded John, this time describing him as an 82 year old widow living at 69 Leonard Street. With him were his son John, a 57 year old cotton weaver, and his three grandchildren, Grace (30), Jean (23), and Ann (18), all unmarried, and all working as cotton weavers. In this census, John describes his birthplace as Perth, Perthshire (Cen:1861/387/29/27).
 
John died himself at 10.55pm on May 21st 1861, at his home of Leonard Street, Perth. The cause was simply listed as "old age", with no medical attendant. In the death entry in the register, John was listed as being both a handloom weaver and a salmon fisher, and the widower of a Jane Couper (sic). His mother was also listed as Ann Watson (sic). The informant to the registrar was John's son, John (GROS:1861/387/01/238). John was buried on the 25th, at 3.00pm, in Wellshill Cemetery, Perth, in a plain coffin that cost 5 shillings (A.K.Bell:PE1/20/4). 
 
 
CHILDREN of JOHN PATON and JEAN COUPAR:
(i) Jean Paton
b: 6/11/1802  d: 8/1/1849
 
Jean was born on November 6th 1802 in Perth, and christened the following week on the 14th.
 
Jean grew up in the family home at Carr's Croft cottages, working with her father in preparing the pirns for the loom. Growing up in the weaving district of Perth, it was perhaps inevitable that she would end up falling in love with a weaver. On December 16th 1825, Jean married James Robertson, and the OPR for Perth recorded the event (OPR:387/30):
Perth the Twenty sixth day of November One thousand eight hundred and Twenty five years______ contracted James Robertson Weaver in the West Church Parish of Perth and Jane Paton in the said parish Daughter to John Paton Weaver in Perth _____ Elder James Robertson.
The Persons before named were regularly proclaimed and Married on the Sixteenth day of December said year by the Reverend Mr Daves Minr of the Methodist Chapel in Perth.
The couple settled in the Pomarium weavers district, and went on to have six children.
 
Jean died on January 8th 1849, the cause being listed in the burial register as "inflammation". At the time of her death, Jean had been living in South Street, Perth. She was interred at Greyfriars Cemetery on January 10th, in a coffin provided by the Kirk Session for 1 shilling and sixpence (A.K.Bell:PE1/20/3D/p.8).
 
In the 1851 and 1861 census returns, Jean's children are found listed as living with her own parents. It is possible that James, her husband, may have died himself prematurely.
 
 
CHILDREN of JANE PATON and JAMES ROBERTSON:
(a) Alexander Robertson
b: 1826
 
According to the IGI, Alexander was christened on November 22nd 1826. A christening record could not be found at GROS, so it is assumed that Alexander was baptised in one of the dissenter churches.
 
 
 
(b) Grace Low Robertson
b: 12/12/1827  d: 9/4/1877
 
The Church of Scotland OPR records Grace's birth and baptism:
Pomarium West Church Parish Perth the Twelfth day of December One Thousand eight hundred and Twenty seven was Born Grace Low Robertson lawful daughter to James Robertson weaver in the said parish and Jane Paton his spouse and Baptised on the Thirtieth day of December said year by the Reverend Mr Thomson Minister of the Methodist Congregation in Perth.
In the 1841 census, Grace was mistakenly listed as 13 year old Grace Paton, living at her grandfather's cottage at Kerr's Croft.
 
Grace married tenter James Angus, and settled down in Perth.
 
Grace eventually died at 3.00am on April 9th 1877, in her home of 59 Leonard Street. The cause was chronic bronchitis, as certified by Dr. David H. Stirling, and the informant to the registrar on the 10th was her brother-in-law, James Croll (GROS:1877/387/200). 
 
 
 
(c) David Robertson
b: 1829
 
 
 
(d) John Robertson
b: 1831
 
 
 
(e) James Robertson
b: 1833
 
 
 
(f) Jean Robertson
b: 1837
 
 
 
(g) Ann Robertson
b: 1841
 
On July 29th 1864, Ann married 23 year old journeyman house painter James Croll, at her home of 60 Leonard Street, Perth, in a ceremony according to the rites of the established Church of Scotland. At the time of the wedding James, the son of mason Andrew Croll and Margaret Seton, was living at 16 Kinnoull Commissary, Perth. The presiding minister was the Reverend Robert Milner, minister of the West Kirk in Perth, and the witnesses were James Angus, and another member of the Croll family, whose name was difficult to make out from the register. The marriage was registered on the 30th (GROS:1864/387/00/120).
 
Ann tragically died at the age of 39 on March 25th 1879 at 11.45am, at her home of 59 Leonard Street, Perth. The cause of death was consumption, ie. tuberculosis. Her husband James informed the Perth registrar on the following day (GROS:1879/387/241).
 
After Ann's death, James remarried to Perth woman Margaret Reid, daughter of tenter William Reid and Elizabeth Fyfe (both deceased) on August 30th 1880, the wedding taking place at 189 South Street, Perth, in a ceremony according to the forms of the Free Church of Scotland. At the time of the marriage, James was resident at 59 Leonard Street, whilst Margaret wa sresident at 15 Thimbleorw. .The couple continued to live at 59 Leonard Causeway after their big day. From the 1881 census we learn that in approximately December 1880, Margaret gave birth to their first child, William R. Croll (GROS:1881/387/13/10). 
 
 
CHILDREN of ANN ROBERTSON and JAMES CROLL:
(I) Jane Paton Croll
b: 18/6/1865
 
Jane was born at 11.00pm on June 18th 1865, at 69 Leonard Street, Perth, Scotland. Her father informed the registrar of the birth on the 24th (GROS:1865/387/00/446).
 
In the 1881 census, 15 year old Jane was living in the family home at 59 Leonard Causeway, and was recorded as being a power loom weaver, and unmarried (GROS:1881/387/13/10).
 
 
 
(II) Andrew Croll
b: 8/7/1867  d: 10/8/1896
 
Andrew was born at 3.43am on July 8th 1867, at the family home of 69 Leonard Street, Perth. His aunt, Grace Angus (nee Robertson), informed the registrar on the 23rd (GROS:1867/387/00/474).
 
In the 1881 census, Andrew was recorded at the family home of 59 Leonard Causeway, and was described as a 13 year old message boy (GROS:1881/387/13/10).
 
On March 10th 1893, 25 year old Andrew, at this point a house painter, married 20 year old dressmaker Mary A. R. Cumming, daughter of shop porter Alexander Cumming and Mary Gow, at Mary's home of 82 South Street, Perth. At the time of the wedding, Andrew's home address was 120 Canal Crescent, Perth. The ceremony, witnessed by James Croll and Jeanie Bell Simpson, was performed by the Reverend James H. Cameron according to the rites of the United Presbyterian Church, and registered onthe 11th (GROS:1893/387/00/57).
 
Wedded life was to prove short and tragic. Things started on the up when at the end of 1893, the couple had a baby boy, James Croll. Sadly, James only survived for sixteen months, before dying of the measles.
 
Andrew was to tragically die himself just three years after his wedding at 3.00pm on August 10th 1896, at Hillside Home, Perth, with his usual residence being 82 South Street, Perth. The cause was disease of the heart, as certified by Dr. David H. Stirling. Andrew's widow Mary registered his death on the 11th (GROS:1896/387/357).
 
 
CHILDREN of ANDREW CROLL and MARY CUMMING:
James Croll
b: 18/12/1893  d: 21/4/1895
 
James was born at 0.30am on December 18th 1893 at 88 South Street, Perth. His father informed the registrar on January 1st 1894 (GROS:1894/387/00/1).
 
James tragically died on April 21st 1895, at 8.30am, in 82 South Street, Perth, aged only sixteen months. The cause was measles, as certified by Dr. William Robertson. His father informed the Perth registrar on the 22nd (GROS:1895/387/219).
 
 
(III) James Robertson Croll
b: 5/11/1869
 
James was born at 3.30am on November 5th 1869, at 69 Leonard Street, Perth. His father informed the registrar on the 11th (GROS:1869/387/00717).
 
In the 1881 census, James was recorded as an 11 year old scholar, living in the family home of 59 Leonard Causeway, Perth (GROS:1881/387/13/10).
 
James later became a fishing rope maker, and married Ellen Lawson or Stewart.
 
James eventually died on January 18th 1946, at 0.40am, at the Royal Infirmary in Perth. His usual residence was 12 West Mill Street in the city. The cause of death was chronic myocardial degenration and chronic nephritis, as certified by Dr. J. Sanderson. The informant to the Perth registrar on the 18th was James' brother-in-law John Reekie, also resident at 12 West Mill Street (GROS:1946/387/00/42).
 
 
 
(IV) Charles Seaton Croll
b: 21/7/1871  d: 5/1930
 
Charles was born at 11.30pm on July 21st 1871, at 69 Leonard Street, Perth. His father informed the registrar on August 2nd (GROS:1871/387/00/480).
 
In the 1881 census, Charles was recorded as a nine year old scholar, living at the family home of 59 Leonard Causeway (GROS:1881/387/13/10).
 
Charles remained unmarried throughout his life, working as a journeyman fishing reel maker. He died in May 1930, aged 58, the cause being an operation for carcinoma of the stomach, as certified by Dr. C. Charleston. The informant to the Perth registrar on the 26th was John Reekie, the husband of his half sister, resident at 12 West Mill Street, Perth. (GROS:1930/387/237).
 
 
 
(V) George Davidson Croll
b: 28/7/1873
 
George was born at 6.30pm on July 28th 1873, at 69 Leonard Street, Perth. His father informed the registrar on the 31st (GROS:1873/387/00/462).
 
In the 1881 census, George was recorded as a seven year old scholar, living at the family home of 59 Leonard Causeway (GROS:1881/387/13/10).
In the 1891 census, George is recorded as a 17 year old farm servant, residing at Struthill in Muthill, Perthshire, at the home of 59 year old widow Grace Sim (GROS:1891/Muthill/1). 
 
 
 
(VI) Margaret Seaton Croll
b: 28/5/1875  d: 2/6/1875
 
Margaret was born at 5.40pm on May 28th 1875, at 59 Leonard Street, Perth. Her father informed the registrar on June 3rd (GROS:1875/387/00/359).
 
Margaret tragically did not survive long. She died at 4.25pm on June 2nd 1875 at 59 Leonard Street, Perth. The cause was debility, as certified by Dr. David N. Stirling. Margaret's dad informed the Perth registrar on June 3rd (GROS:1875/387/301). 
 
 
 
(VII) John Paton Croll
b: 1/2/1879  d: 27/8/1880
 
John was born at 10.45pm on February 1st 1879, at 59 Leonard Street, Perth. His father informed the registrar on the 29th (GROS:1879/387/00/123).
 
Tragically, John did not survive long. He died at 3.45pm on July 28th 1880 at his uncle's house of 16 Home Street, Edinburgh. The cause was congestion of the lungs, as certified by Dr. A. Blelven. The informant to the Edinburgh registrar on the 29th was his uncle, George Davidson (GROS:1880/685/4/677).
 
 
 
(ii) John Paton
b: 1805  d: 15/10/1873
 
John was born in Perth in approximately 1804. He grew up to follow in his father's footsteps as a weaver, and was recorded in the 1841 census as being a handloom weaver at the family home of Carscroft.
 
John died at 5.45pm on October 15th 1873, at his nephew's house of 69 Leonard Street, Perth. The cause was diarrhoea, which he suffered for a week, and the informant to the Perth registrar on the 16th was his nephew-in-law, James Croll (GROS:1873/387/00/511).
John was buried in Wellshill Cemetery at 3.00pm on October 18th 1873 in a plain coffin, at a cost of 7s (A.K.Bell: PE1/20/7/p.87). John never married.
 
 
 
(iii) Alexander Paton
b: 5/11/1811  d: 26/2/1818
 
Alexander was born in Perth on November 5th 1811 and christened on the 10th.
 
Alexander tragically died young on February 26th 1818, the cause being listed as "water in the head" in the burial register. Alex was buried in Greyfriars Cemetery two days later on the 28th (A.K.Bell:PE1/20/1/p.230).
 
 
 
(3) William Paton
b: 11/3/1779  d: 28/2/1849
 
William was Calum's and Jamie's great great great great great grandfather - see Paton - Part Two page..
 

Continued...
 
The story continues on the Paton Family History - Part Two page, with the exploits of Calum's and Jamie's great great great great great grandfather William Paton in the Breadalbane Fencibles regiment, as well as the naming of Paton Street in Brisbane, Australia, by one of his daughters...