16?? - 1722
It is believed that George Rodgie is Calum's and Jamie's great great great
great great great great great grandfather, though more work needs to be done to confirm the connection.
The only record found so far concerning George is a testament dative
confirmed some twelve years after his death on 19 DEC 1734. The document reads as follows:
The Testament Dative and Inventar of the
Soume of money and Debts that pertained to the deceast
George Rodgie in Little Burnbean the time of his
deceass which was in the Moneth of May Jajby & twentie
two years Truely made and Given up by Alexander Rodgie
there lawfull Son and Executor Dative as nearest of kin Decernd
to the said Defunct by the Commissar of Dunkeld upon the
day and date of their presents As the Decreed Dative following
on ane Edict duely Execute and Indorsed in itself more fully
Imprimis There is Given upresting to the Defunct the time foresaid
of his deceass the Soume of Twentie four pound scots money principall
with Seven Merks of Liquidate expenses and the haill bygone Annual rents
of the said principall Soume Specified and Contained in a Bond Granted
to the said Deunct by the deceast Leonard Lauder in Dunkeld
dated the twentie ninth day of June Jajvy & nine years
Summa Inventary Patet
The within testament was confirmed at Dunkeld upon
the Nineteenth day of December Jajvy thirty four years John Bissat
Younger portioner of Dungarthill became Cautioner called for the Executor
From this it is clear that George died in May 1722 and that he
had a son called Alexander Rodgie. In 1709 Laurence Kauden granted George a bond, essentially an IOU,
for the sum of £24 Scots, the equivalent of £2 Sterling. This was eventually transferred to Alexander twelve years after his
father's death in 1734.
It is not known if Alexander was the father of John, but if he
was not, he was almost certainly an uncle. An examination of several maps from 1683 (John Adair, National Library of
Scotland) to 1867 (Ordnance Survey) shows that Little Burnbane (aka Wester Burnbane) was never more than a hamlet of two or
three cottages. Unfortunately the OPRs for the parish of Little Dunkeld commence very late, with births recorded from 1732
and marriages from 1759.
|Burnbane, 1720 (from a sketch in 1683) by John Adair - NLS
before 1756 - ????
John was Calum's and Jamie's great great great
great great grandfather.
Little is known of John as yet, other than that he was from Perthshire, and most
likely in the parish of Little Dunkeld. He married Jean Taylor in Little Dunkeld towards the end of 1768
or beginning of 1769, the OPR recording the initial calling of the banns (OPR/373/2):
Nov 12th - John Rogie in this parish and Jean Taylor
in the parish of Auchtergaven gave up their names for proclamation in order to marriage and were proclaimed for the first
time without any objection.
The couple are known to have lived at the cottage of Little Burnbean, north
of Stanley, and proceded to have a family of at least seven children. The spelling of John's name as "Rogie" reflects the
correct pronunciation of the surname Roger in Perthshire at that time.
The 1801 rental roll for Little Burnbane, in the parish and barony of Murthly, records two different
individuals called John Roger, with one of them almost certainly our John. Both had one hen each, two firlots of coal, and
property and crops with a value of £5 5s (NAS: CR4/233).
CHILDREN of JOHN ROGIE and JEAN TAYLOR:
b: approx 1774
Jean married James Watson in the parish of Kinclaven, Perthshire, on December
2md 1799, and went on to have at least five children in the parish.
CHILDREN of JEAN ROGERS and JAMES WATSON:
John married Jane McKinzie Stewart, daughter of John
Stewart and Agnes McKinzie, in Kinclaven on July 6th 1830. John and Jane had at least ten children.
CHILDREN of JOHN WATSON and JANE STEWART:
b: 6/9/1830 d: 14/11/1915
James died in Ireton, Sioux, Iowa, USA, and was buried in Amity Church
cemetery, in Dinsdale, Tama, Iowa.
b: 12/1833 d: 15/12/1903
John died in Reinbeck, Grundy, Iowa, USA.
b: 2/1836 d: 18/11/1906
Alexander died in Lyons, Clinton, Iowa.
b: 4/1837 d: 15/2/1918
Jane died in Reinbeck, Grundy, Iowa, USA, and was buried in Amity Church cemetery,
Dinsdale, Tama, Iowa.
b: 31/10/1838 d: 15/4/1911
William died in Durand, Winnebago, Illinois, USA.
b: 4/1842 d: 19/2/1919
George died in Reinbeck, Iowa, USA.
b: 3/1843 d: 23/9/1913
Agnes died in Reinbeck, Grundy, Iowa, USA.
Janette Irene Watson
b: 4/1843 d: 2/4/1923
Janette died in Reinbeck, Grundy, Iowa.
b: 1847 d: 1847
b: 5/4/1850 d: 1904
Thomas was christened on April 20th 1851 in Redgorton, Perthshire, Scotland.
Elspet, or Elizabeth, married 18 year old James Anderson on
December 17th 1727, in the parish of Kinclaven.
The 1801 rental roll for Little Burnbane, in the parish and barony of Murthly, records
two separate James Rogers, though it is easier to identify the correct James, as the other was granted a liferent in 1764. The
remaining James had one hen, two firlots of coal, and property and crops with a value of £5 5s (NAS: CR4/233).
William was Calum's and Jamie's great great great great great grandfather - see
From the Little Dunkeld register (OPR/373/1):
John Roger and Jean Taylor Little Burnbean had a daughter
born 1st Aprile 1784 baptised at the muir named Agnes.
Dec 1779 - between 1851 and 1855
William was Calum's and Jamie's great
great great great great grandfather.
According to the 1841 and 1851 censuses, William was 60 and 70 years
old respectively, and from the parish of Little Dunkeld in Perthshire. The only record of a William Rodger from Little Dunkeld
born during this period is that of a William born in December 1779.
Banns for William's
forthcoming marriage to Anne Brough were proclaimed on 27th November 1803 in the church at Little Dunkeld. The minister recorded the event
in the old parochial register:
November 27 1803 (p.44)
William Rogers and Anne Brough having given up their
names were proclaimed without objection.
William lived his whole life in the parish
of Little Dunkeld, in the north of Perthshire. At the beginning of the 19th Century, Little Dunkeld was a predominantly
Gaelic speaking community, with only a few inhabitants conversant in English. In 1824, the inhabitants' everyday language
became an issue on the appointment of a new minister to the parish, who could not speak a word of the Gaelic, leading to disturbances
in the parish amongst the lay folk. In a history of Little Dunkeld on the Heartlander website, the story of what happened next is discussed:
In 1824 there was another disturbance on the same account.
The nominee to the parish was unacquainted with Gaelic, and the Presbytery pointed out that it was the common language of
the parish and had been used, though not chiefly, at Little Dunkeld and exclusively at Lagganallachy. At the rebuilding of
the church, 25 years before, services were conducted in Gaelic. At Communion seasons, there were Gaelic services in the churchyard
simultaneously with English, and that nine out of twelve Table Services were in the former language. The case was brought
before the General Assembly and many distinguished advocates appeared in it. Advocate Jeffrey affirmed that Little Dunkeld
was not in the Highlands, but only "the mouth." Dr. Andrew Thomsons retort, it is said, really won the case:- "Whoever heard
of a Highland mouth without a Highland tongue," and the General Assembly respectfully told the Officers of the Crown they
must find a qualified person for this Cure.
In the 1841 census, "William Rodgie" (as he is
listed) was recorded as living at New Delvine in the parish of Little Dunkeld, where he worked as a hand loom weaver. With
him were his wife Ann and his 20 year old daughter Catherine.
|Little Burnbean, home of the Rogers family in the first half of the 19th Century
Between 1841 and 1851, William's wife Anne died. In
the 1851 census, William is recorded as having moved into the house of his daughter Mary in Little Burnbane,
in the parish of Little Dunkeld, where he is listed as a widower.
It is believed that William himself eventually died
between 1851 and 1855.
else is known of William's life, except that which is outlined in the death entry of his son William
in the 1898 register, which suggests that as well as being a weaver, William senior was also a crofter by trade
in his pendicle at New Delvine in Little Dunkeld.
CHILDREN of WILLIAM
RODGER and ANNE BROUGH:
Mary was born on January 17th 1805 in Little Burnbean, Little Dunkeld, as noted in the old parochial
register (OPR: 373/1):
William Roger and Anne Brough, Little Burnbeun, had
a lawful daughter born the 17th January 1805 and baptised at the Minr of Kinclaven, named Mary.
b: 20/6/1806 d:4/12/1876
Anne was born at Wester Burnbane on June 20th 1806, as noted in the old parochial register for Little
Dunkeld (OPR: 373/1)
William Roger and Anne Brough Wester Burnbean had a
la. daughter born 20th June 1806 and baptised Anne.
Anne married Alexander Rodger, son of James Rogers and Jannet
Craigie (possibly distant cousins), on June 29th 1827 at Little Dunkeld, and went on to live in Airntully, Kinclaven,
where they are listed in the 1851 census, in which Alexander is listed as a 59 year old hand loom weaver. From Anne's later
death certificate we also learn that they were living as pendiclers, i.e. crofters. The Statistical Account for Kinclaven
in June 1843 describes the weavers of the Airntully estate:
(p.1135) At a former period, there were several small
villages in this parish, of which the sites are known only by the trees by which they adorned. The village of Arntully, however,
still remains, of which rather a graphic and ludicrous description is given in the former Statistical Account. It is now greatly
diminished in size and population, and in a few years, will, in all probability, also disappear. Its inhabitants are all linen
weavers, who occupy a small portion of ground sufficient to maintain a cow, and produce meal and potatoes for their families,
and who receive their webs from agents employed by the manufacturers of Cupar Angus, Blairgowrie, Newburgh, and other places.
It is believed that Anne and Alexander's family was one of the 96 recorded in the parish in
1843 that were members of the United Secession Church, as baptismal records for his children cannot be found on the IGI
site, which only records Established Kirk records. This is also backed up by the 1843 Statistical Account, which states:
(p.1139) The unendowed school is situated in the village
of Arntully, in the west end of the parish. The average number attending the school may be estimated at 50. It is principally
supported by the Dissenters, who are numerous in that part of the parish.
In the 1851 census at Airntully, Ann is recorded as a 45 year old woman from Little Dunkeld,
with her husband noted as a linen Handloom weaver, aged 59, and also from Little Dunkeld. Also in the house were children
James, a 22 year old agricultural labourer, 20 year old handloom weaver (linen) William,
18 year old Margaret, a handloom weaver (linen), 11 year old Alexander, a scholar, and 9
year old Jannet, a weaver's daughter. None of the children listed were married (GROS:1851/365/3/1).
Ann's husband Alexander died at Airntully on January 11th 1871 at the age of 78. His death certificate
records that he was a farmer, and that he was still married to Ann. The cause of death was "old age and frailty", as certified
by an unknown medical attendant. His nephew James registered the death on the following day (GROS -
A simple note in the Kinclaven Kirk Session records also recorded Alexander's death:
Removal by Death - Alexander Rogers, Airntully (Jan
Anne died herself on December 4th 1876 at 6.20pm at the cottage in Airntully. The cause was
apoplexy of 20 days, as certified by Dr Andrew McMillan. The informant to the Kinclaven registrar was her son William,
on the 5th (GROS - 1876:365/0/10).
Again, a simple entry in the Kirk Session records for Kinclaven mentions Ann's death:
Removal by Death - Mrs Alexander Rogers, servant, Airntully
(Dec 4th 1874)
CHILDREN of ANNE ROGER and ALEXANDER RODGER:
In the 1851 census, James was at his parents' house
and was listed as an agricultural labourer.
In the 1851 census, William was listed as
still living with his parents in Airntully, where he worked as a hand loom weaver.
In 1870, a 39 year old William was still working as a weaver, but had
moved to the parish of Moulin in Pitlochry, Perthshire. On December 5th he married a 46 year old widow, Elizabeth
Scott, daughter of flax dresser Alexander Roger (not believed to be any relation to William) and
Elizabeth Scott, in a ceremony after banns according to the forms of the Free Church of Scotland. The
witnesses to the wedding were the Reverend John Stewart, J. McNaughton and Duncan Ferguson, and the marriage was registered
in Pitlochry on the 9th (GROS:1870/384/00/0008).
In 1876, William returned briefly to Kinclaven to
register the death of his mother Anne.
William died in Pitlochry on August 29th 1886, at 1.00pm, at the age
of 56. In his death entry in the regsiter, his father Alexander was recorded as being a deceased potato merchant. The cause
of William's death was peritonitis, from which he had suffered for ten days, as certified by Dr. R. W. Irvine. The informant
to the Pitlochry registrar on September 1st was his nephew William D. Scott, from Balgowain in Pitlochry
In the 1851 census, Margaret was also listed as living at the family
home in Airntully, and as working as a hand loom weaver.
Alexander was listed in the 1851 census at Airntully as a scholar,
and after his schooling he went on to take up an apprenticeship as a tailor.
In 1861, Alexander was working as a journeyman tailor in Airntully, when
on April 19th he married 20 year old domestic servant Mary Ann Robertson, daughter of farmer John
Robertson and Margaret Robertson, in a service according to the forms of the United Presbyterian
Kirk. The marriage took place at West Tofts in the parish of Kinclaven, and the witnesses were the Reverend David Young, William
Low and David Foote (?). The marriage was registered in Kinclaven on April 20th (GROS:1861/365/00/004).
Alexander died on December 9th 1879 at the infirmary in Perth, with his
usual residence recorded as Stanley in Perthshire. The cause was an operation to his hip joint which had obviously gone seriously
wrong. His wife informed the Perth registrar on the 11th (GROS:387/00/0628).
CHILDREN of ALEXANDER ROGERS and MARY ANN
Alexander was born at the pendicle at West Tofts, Kinclaven, Perthshire,
at 2.50am on April 8th 1862. His father, present at the birth, informed the Kinclaven registrar on the 15th (GROS:1862/365/00/02).
Mary Ann Roger
Mary Ann was born at West Tofts, Kinclaven, Perthshire, at 4.40am on
January 17th 1864. Her father, present at the birth, informed the Kinclaven registrar on the 20th (GROS:1864/365/00/03).
Margaret was born at the pendicle of West Toft in Kinclaven, Perthshire,
on December 21st 1865, at 6.00am. Her father, present at the birth, informed the Kinclaven registrar on January 3rd 1866 (GROS:1866/365/00/01).
In the 1851 census, Janet was listed as living at Airntully as a weaver's
In 1891, Janet was still single, listed in the census as a 49 year old
out worker, and still resident at Airntully, in a house which has one room with one or more windows.(GROS:1891/365/00/03/05).
And in 1901, Janet is again found at Airntully, now described as a 59 year old farm worker. Her house is listed here as having
two rooms with one or more windows (GROS:1901/365/00/03/00/03).
Janet died at 5.10pm on April 14th 1918 in Airntully at the
age of 76. In her death entry she was listed as Janet Rodgie, and as single. The cause of death was a rodent
ulcer of 6 years, as certified by Dr. R Burgess from nearby Stanley. The informant to the regsitrar on the 15th was Alexander
Robertson, inspector of the poor from Ballshie Siding in Stanley (GROS:365/00/001).
b: 1844 d: April 1846
The existence of this son of Alexander Rogers only came to light when
the Scotsman newspaper archive went online in November 2004. Tragically this young lad was to drown at the age of two.
The Scotsman, dated April 4th 1846, reprinted the following article from the Perth Courier on the sad circumstances surrounding
BOY DROWNED - On Friday last, a boy,
about two years of age, son of Alexander Roger, weaver, Airntully, was drowned in a narrow pit or well at the back of his
parents' house. He was discovered with his head downwards, and taken out by his mother, and found to be quite dead.
James was Calum's and Jamie's
great great great great grandfather - see below.
b: 13/8/1810 (OPR: 373/1)
Augt 27 - John, lawful son to William Roger and Anne
Brough in Wester Burnbane was born Augt 13.
b: 4/4/1813 (OPR: 373/1)
Jean, daughter to William Roger and Anne Brough, Wester
Burnbane, was born 4th and baptised 11th April 1813.
b: 2/2/1817 (OPR: 373/1)
Thomas, lawful son to William Rodger and Anne Brough
Wester Burnbane was born 2 & bap. 9 Feb 1817.
Catherine, daughter to William Rodger and Anne Brough,
was born 8th July current year, Wester Burnbane.
b: 2/11/1823 d: 16/2/1898
William, son to William Rodger and Ann Brough in Little
Burnbane born 2d Nov 1823.
William married Sarah Duncan in Dundee, Angus, on July 9th 1842, and the family
appear to have settled initially in Perth. By the 1881 census they had moved to Kippen in Stirlingshire, where William is
found living with his wife, his twin daughters Sarah and Mary, and two granddaughters, Maggie and Mary
(GROS:1881/484/1/2). William was listed in this census as an inspector of works for the Forth and Clyde Rail Company.
In the following census of 1891, the family are still there, including the two granddaughters, which suggests that they were
in fact being raised by William and Sarah - it is not known why. In this census, William is listed as an inspector of PWFH
William died at 9.40am on February 16th 1898 at Glenfinnan Cottage in Kippen, aged 74. In the
death entry, his father is listed as William Rodger, crofter, and his mother as Ann Rodger, m.s Barich, suggesting that Ann's
maiden name of Brough was actually pronounced as 'Broch', rather than 'Bruff' or 'Brow'. The cause was chronic leptitis, which
he had suffered for four years, as certified by D.MacDiarmid. The informant is listed as his daughter Marianne
Roger (Mary Ann). William left a will, the summary of which states:
RODGER, William, Railway Inspector, Glentirran
Cottage (sic), Kippen, died 16 February 1898, at Kippen, testate. Confirmation granted at Stirling, 28 April, to Mariann Rodger,
Glentirran Cottage aforesaid, his daughter, and Sarah Duncan or Rodger, residing there, his widow, Executices nominated in
Will or Deed, dated 26 December 1896, and recorded in Court Books of Commissariot of Stirling, 9 April 1898. Value of estate
£1185, 2s, 8d.
CHILDREN of WILLIAM RODGER and SARAH DUNCAN:
b: 1848 d: ????
William married Eliza Wright McLean on March 21st 1871 in Glasgow
in a ceremony according to the forms of the New Jerusalem Church. At the time, William was working as a surgeon and living
in New Abbey in Dumfries, whilst 22 year old Eliza, daughter of bank agent Alexander McLean and Mary
Ann McCormick, was living at 140 Mains Street, which was also the venue for the wedding. The witnesses to the marriage
were the Reverend John Faulkner Potter, Andrew McDonald and Margaret McDonald, and the wedding was registered in Glasgow on
the 22nd (GROS:1871/644/6/129).
The couple had two daughters in 1872 and 1875, but by the 1881 and 1891 censuses,
both girls are recorded as living with their grandfather and grandmother in Kippen, Stirling - it is assumed therefore that both
William and Eliza had died between 1875 and 1881, although no explanation has as yet been found how or why.
CHILDREN of WILLIAM ROGERS and ELIZA McLEAN:
Mary was born at 6 Hattenbalk in the village of New Abbey in Kirkcudbright
(GROS: 1872/877/0/4). By 1881 Mary had moved to Middlekerse Cottage in Kippen, Stirlingshire,
with her grandparents, where she is also found in the 1891 census, her occupation listed as a dressmaker.
Margaret Eliza Rogers
b: 17/9/1875 d: 23/1/1923
Margaret was born at 10.30am on September 17th 1875, in Spittal Cottage,
Balfron, Stirlingshire (GROS:1875/472/0/16). Like her sister Mary, Maggie also moved
to her grandparents house in Kippen prior to 1881, and she too is listed there in 1891, still a scholar.
Maggie never married, and died at the young age of 46 at Glenfinnan Cottage.
The cause was mammary carcinoma, suffered for four years and two months, as certified by Dr. Duncan MacDiarmuid. Her sister
Mary registered the death on the same date (GROS: 1923/484/0/2). Margaret left a will, the summary of which states:
ROGERS, Margaret Eliza, Glentirran Cottage,
Kippen, died 23 January 1923 at Kippen, testate. Confirmation Stirling, 28 February, to Mary Rogers, Langgarth, Stirling,
Executrix. Will dated 10 October 1908 recorded Stirling 22 February 1923. Value of Estate £599.
Mary Ann McFarlane Rogers (twin)
b: 1860 Kippen d: 25/3/1939
Mary Ann was listed in both the 1881
and 1891 censuses as a dressmaker, living with her parents.
Mary Ann, mostly referred to as Mariann, died
a single woman at the age of 78 on March 25th 1939 at 9.30am, at Glenfinnan Cottage, Boquhan, Kippen. The cause was valvalas
disease of the heart, as certified Dr. Charles Fletcher. Mariann's niece Mary Rogers informed the registrar
at Bucklyne on the same day (GROS: 1939/484/0/1).
Sarah Joan Duncan Rogers (twin)
b: 1860 d: 3/11/1937
Sarah was listed in both the 1881 and 1891 censuses
as a dressmaker, living with her parents.
On November 20th 1895, Sarah married railway guard James
McAlister, son of gardener William McAllister and his wife Elizabeth Paterson. The wedding took place at Glentiran
Cottage in Kippen, afetr banns according to the the Free Church of Scotland, with the service conducted by the Reverend H.W.Hunter.
At the time of the wedding, Sarah was living in the station building at Aberfoyle, where she worked as a dressmaker, whilst
James was living at 264 Buchanan Street in Glasgow. The witnesses were Marian Rodgers, Sarah's sister, and Thomas Ainslie.
The wedding was reegistered in Kippen two days later (GROS:1895/484/00/06).
In the 1901 census, James and Sarah are found to have been living at 24 John
Street, Row, Argyll. In this entry we learn that James was born at Lasswads in Edinburghshire, and was still working
as a railway guard. Their house had at least three rooms with one or more windows, and neither James nor Sarah could
speak any Gaelic (Cen:1901/503/08/230).
Sarah eventually died a widow on November 3rd 1937
at 7.20pm, at Glenfinnan Cottage in Kippen, at the age of 77. The cause was a cerebral embellism and cardiac failure, as certified
by Dr. W.J.Barclay. Sarah's sister Marian informed the registrar the following day (GROS: 1937/484/0/8).
18/8/1808 - 13/3/1875
James was Calum's and Jamie's great great great great
|James Rogers' signature, 1871
James was born in Wester Burnbane, in the parish of
Little Dunkeld, in 1808. The OPR record for the parish recorded the event as follows:
William Roger and Anne Brough, Wester Burnbane, had
a lawful son born 18th August 1808 and baptised James.
James married Janet Henderson on 7th February 1836 in Kinclaven, Perthshire, Scotland.
From the Parish OPR (373/1):
Rogers and Henderson
belonging to the Parish of Little Dunkeld and Janet Henderson of this Parish were regularly proclaimed for Marriage on the
Seventh and Fourteenth of February Eighteen Hundred and Thirty Six.
James and Janet initially lived in the village of Stanley,
which was a huge centre outside of Perth for linen weaving. But in the mid to late 1830s, there was a period of depression
in the industry, and it would seem that James became a victim of this situation. From Anthony Cooke's book Stanley:
From Arkwright Village to Commuter Suburb 1784-2003:
This was a period of severe trade depression and in
1837 the Stanley Company gave notice of the possibility of half time working. Some handloom weavers in the village were thrown
out of work but most were employed outdoors. (p.127)
|Garth Cottage, north of Stanley, in which James and family are recorded as living in 1841
It would seem that James may have been one of the victims
of this depression, being either laid off or forced to work outside. Although he was in Stanley in the following year,
by 1841, he and his family were recorded as having moved to
Garth Cottage in the grounds of the Airntully estate north of Stanley, where they stayed for a few years. In the census, James
is listed as a linen hand loom weaver, and is clearly not working in the factory at this point (GROS:1841/365/4/1&2).
The Airntully estate was owned by the Stewart family, and in the early years of
James' tenancy, his laird, Sir William Drummond Stewart, was an absentee landlord, living in New Orleans, in the United
States of America. Sir William was the infamous explorer who had blazed a trail through the Rocky Mountains. Although
he became laird of the Murthly estate in 1839, after the death of his elder brother John, he did not return to Scotland
to take up his position until 1844. Life before Sir William's return was quite an ordeal for the tenants of Airntully,
living under the fierce grip of Lady Jane Stewart, wife of the invalided Sir John Stewart. An article in the Scotsman of July
12th 1887 recalls an incident on the estate at the time of the general election in 1835.
COERCION, EVICTION, AND ELECTION INCIDENTS IN PERTHSHIRE
FIFTY YEARS AGO
An "Old Radical" writes:- When so much is being spoken
and written about coercion and eviction iat present, perhaps these old episodes may be worthy of notice. They took place
on the Murthly estate, in Perthshire, at the time of the general election in 1835. At this time Sir John Stewart, eldest brother
of Sir Douglas and of the late Sr W. D. Stewart, was laird, but was an invalid, and quite unable to take any charge of
his affairs. So his wife, Lady Jane as she was called, who was a virulent Tory, seized hold of the management of the
estates. During the election campaign she galloped about on a horse - always accompanied by three or four gentlemen, also
on horseback - over the estates, endeavouring to coerce the tenants into voting for Sir George Murray, the Tory candidate.
She probably, by her threats and blandishments, prevented some weak-kneed Liberals from voting for Fox Maule, the Liberal
candidate, but there was a considerable number, who dared to call their souls their own, that voted for Mr Maule, as their
consciences dictated; but those of them who were yearly tenants, and those whose leases ran out during the currency of this
petticoat government, were ruthlessly evicted. There were also a number of working men evicted from their houses at Airntully,
Kinclaven parish, for the heinous sin of attending a Liberal meeting held there. There was another case of eviction which
had a special feature in it. This was a case of man named John Reid, who died at Stanley, Perthshire, recently in his 87th
year, and whose death recalls these incidents. He and his father occupied a small farm at Airntully, but neither of them had
a vote. The old man, however, had another son, who also resided at Airntully, who had a vote, the qualification for which
was house property at the village of Stanley, not on the Murthly estates at all. This vote was given for Fox Maule, the Liberal
candidate, and because it was so given the old man, then about 80 years of age and his son John were evicted - thus vicariously
evicted from their farm. As a matter of course, the other son was also evicted. This family, and also some of the evicted
working men and their families, went to the village of Stanley in 1836, and since 1836 till his death the other week this
John Reid, who was the last of the family of his generation, lived in the same house over fifty years - a house by the way
situated in the property that qualified for the vote that caused his eviction in Airntully.
The virago above mentioned, although she had no consideration
for others, tried to take good care of herself, which was shown in the jointure she thought she had secured, but which was
so exorbitant that Sir W. D. Stewart, who succeeded her husband and his brother, refused to agree to it and applied to the
Court of Session to have it reduced, and succeeded in getting it reduced by a large amount. The present tenantry on these
estates may congratulate themselves on having a lady of the land so different from the one in question. The aforesaid political
Amazon and her usual cavalcade were one morning very early riding through Airntully, on the mission of counteracting the effects
of a speech which Fox Maule had delivered the previous evening in the neighbourhood, when they were observed by a young lad,
an apprebntice shoemaker, who went into his shop, exclaiming in mournful tones-"I'm michtie feart that the Fox 'ill be worriet
noo, whaun fowr duggs and another are sae close at his heels." But "the Fox" then eluded all the "duggs" in the county, and
came in with his brush quite safe, leabving that canis major, General Sir George Murray, G. C. B., &c. &c. 82 leaps (votes)
By 1847, James and his family had again moved, this time to the village
proper of Airntully, to take up work at Sir William's farm estate, where their fourth daughter Mary was born.
In the 1851 census, 42 year old James is recorded as working as a farm labourer
in Airntully, and as being born in Little Dunkeld. His wife Jannet was listed as being aged 40 and from Matherty
(sic). Daughters Jannet, aged 14, and Ann, aged 13, were both linen handloom weavers, whilst
daughters Margaret, aged 11 and Catherine, aged 8, were scholars. Little Mary,
aged 4, was the final entry in the census (GROS:1851/3654/7&8). And from the Perthshire Valuation Rolls, we learn that
James (whose surname was spelt Rodgie between 1855 and 1859) was paying £6, 15 shillings and 7 pence for
his annual rent to Sir William. Of this amount, 10 shillings and 7 pence were interest. James worked on Sir William's
estate, and again, the 1843 Statistical Account gives us some background information on the kind of work he would have undertaken:
Improvements: Very extensive improvements
have recently been made on the estate of Arntully, and are still going on. A sum of nearly L.4000 has been spent by Sir W.D.Stewart
in trenching and improving 284 imperial acres of moorland; and it is gratifying to remark that the crops of potatoes, wheat,
&c. that have been raised, are such as promise to remunerate the proprietor for his great outlay (p.1134)
In 1859, James' daughter Janet married,
and James acted as a witness to her wedding, after which Janet left for a new life in Glasgow with her husband, William
Hay Paton. In the wedding register entry, it lists Janet as being of "lately Craigie, Perth, now in Airntully, Kinclaven",
suggesting where she had been working in her capacity as a domestic servant. Janet and William were to become Calum's
and Jamie's great great great grandparents.
In 1860, James' rent went up to seven pounds per
annum. And in the 1861 census, we learn that James was still an agricultural labourer, whilst Ann and Mary were both linen
weavers, all still at Airntully. In 1864, James' rent went up again to 8 and 15 shillings per annum.
|Rohallion estate, where James Rogers learned of his wife's murder
In March 1866, James was working in the Rohallion estate in the parish
of Little Dunkeld, when he heard the news that must have broken his heart forever. His wife, Janet, was discovered brutally
murdered in her brother William's farm. A couple of weeks after the murder, James wrote a letter to the Perthshire
Courier, hoping to help clear his brother-in-law's name, who had become a suspect in the daily rumour machine of
Perthshire, even though the ploice had already worked out that he could not have been responsible. In the letter, James details
how he was first told about his wife's death, and his encounter with his brother-in-law, William, at the farm on the day after:
Being in the woods of Rohallion at my employment on
the 31st of March, I was abruptly accosted by an affinity relation of my own, on horseback, to leave all and come along with
him. Judging within myself that something of importance had taken place, I demanded an explanation, which he demurred in giving.
Obstinate on my part to move without it, and being prepared for the worst, he told me that my wife was dead, and that she
had been brutally murdered in Mount Stewart kitchen. Hastening on with a bleeding heart to the heartrending scene which was
soon to present itself, I arrived at Mount Stewart about twelve o'clock, accompanied by a niece of my wife's, likewise the
niece's father. On entering the house (the door being opened by my brother-in-law), and on receiving a light, I immediately
entered the kitchen, found the dead body of my wife stretched lying on two tables, wound up in a sheet. Uncovering her face,
I found it looked pleasant, the eyes being shut. Examining her neck, I found no marks of violence, the wound being made on
the left side of the head behind the ear. Next examined the floor; found about two feet sqaure in a pool of blood; the walls
and all the kitchen furniture bespattered with blood. Dear me, I remarked to my brother, my wie is is lying just as if she
were in a slaughter-house; why was not the room cleaned up? He answered that the authorities would not allow it to be touched
until they were done of it. On finding two police in an adjacent room of the house, I was assured by them that their work
was done with regard to the body and room. So we commenced work, had the room washed, the body dressed and coffined, ready
to be transferred to the sorrowing family at Airntully.
Now for the murderer. What was his motive? Evidently plunder,
as lockfasts had been torn off, and all parts of the house rifled. Was there energy on the part of the authorities to detect
the murderer and thief, or was there a facility given for his escape? I have my doubts. It is evident from what my brother-in-law
tells me, that some months previous his house was broken into by a window, a silver watch and two pounds of money carried
of, besides a pair of trousers, the trousers being got some days after, lying in that belt of wood running along the north
side of the steading. The robbery was reported to the police of the district, the number of the watch given, but no clue was
ever found to this case. I have a strong impression on my mind that the depredator of the first case has been the murderer
in the second; had the first been found out, the second might have been prevented. Two police kept a close watch over the
house and its inmates till up to Sunday afternoon, until one of their supervisors arrived from Perth, and sispersed them among
the neighbourhood farm-steads and villages to seek for information. I evidently saw that their suspicion up to this time related
on the innocent. This suspicion, by using sound logic, might have been thrown to the wind at the first stage of examination,
which I can show. On examining the ploughman on Monday morning, he told me that he saw Mrs Rogers at the kitchen door talking
to a man through the course of the day. This shows that she was alive after her brother left for Perth. He likewise told me
that they unharnessed their horses both together at night, and he left his master in the stable. Now, it was impossible that
he could have committed such an unnatural, heartrending deed, and put the house in the state it was found in, between that
time and the time he gave the alarm. Besides, she was his favourite member of the family, one whom he always opened his mind
to. I will never forget his cries on Sunday morning. He took me aside from the house, and gave vent to his grief in cries
most pitiful. I can assure the public, who have been listening to many a wild rumour these two weeks past, that there is not
the least shadow of suspicion resting on my mind, or on the minds of any of Mr Henderson's friends, concerning this foul deed.
JAMES ROGERS - Airntully, April 16, 1866.
A major investigation was carried out, and William
was cleared, and although the farm's ploughman, James Crichton, was charged and tried for the murder, the jury returned a
verdict of non-proven. For more on this tragic story, visit The Mount Stewart Farm Murder page.
James remained at his home in Airntully with his daughter Anne, who was in 1871 listed as being a
domestic servant. The last trace of him in the valuation rolls is in the 1872-73 record.
James died of heart disease
in his Airntully home at 3pm on March 13th 1875, at the age of 68, as certified by Stanley based Dr A. McMillan
(Reg:1875/365/4). The death was registered on the 16th by his brother in law Thomas Anderson.
CHILDREN of JAMES
ROGERS and JANET HENDERSON:
Janet Roger (Rodger)
Calum's and Jamie's great great great grandmother
- see below.
1838 d: 7/10/1895
Annie was born in the parish of Stanley in 1838. As
her family were dissenters, her birth record has not yet been discovered.
In the 1851 census, Annie was listed as a hand
loom weaver, and in 1861 she was recorded as an unmarried linen weaver. In the following year she developed a serious
disability in that she was affected by an inflamtion of the brain which hampered her eyesight.
Annie was living at home with her parents in Airntully in
1866 at the time of her mother Janet's murder, and was the last of Janet's children to see her alive. The following
is the statement that Annie gave to the police, regarding her mother's departure from Airntully, which tell us a bit more
about both herself and her mother:
27th December 1866
Ann Rogers, daughter
of and residing with James Rogers, before designed, declares the deceased, Janet Henderson, was my mother.
She left our house
on the morning of Wednesday the 28th March last in time to catch the train leaving Stanley for Perth at 10 o clock. Airntully
is about two miles from Stanley.
She was to meet her
brother William Henderson in Perth and go with him to Mount Stewart, where she was to remain for some time.
When she left she
took a one pound bank note and some silver money with her. She shewed me the bank note before she left, and told me she was
to take it with her as she was to purchase some things on her way home from Mount Stewart with it. I cannot say how much silver
money she had but she would have a few shillings and she said she had as much without changing the pound note as pay her train
and get a few things she required before going to Mount Stewart I never saw her after she left.
I was aware that my
mother snuffed. She did so for a sore nostril but she was not heavy on it. It is about three years since I knew that she did
so. She kept her snuff in a small cannister, and carried a little round tin box in her breast.
For four years past
I have had an inflammation in the brain and eyes which rendered me almost blind so that I would not know my mothers cannister
box altho I saw them, but I know she kept her snuff in the cannister and carried the small box as above described. I have
seen the boxes but from the deficient state of my eyesight can say nothing further than that they were a cannister and small
My mother did not
smoke and I never saw her with a pipe. She was very much against smoking.
I do not know where
my mother purchased her snuff; but it would likely be in Stanley Store, as it was there she purchased the Grocery foods for
In October 1870, Annie's great uncle, Dr. William
Henderson of Perth, died. In his will, clearly fond of her, he left Annie all of his wearing apparel, as well as
the sum of one hundred pounds (in 2002, the equivalent value was £5850).
With the death of her father in 1875, the Kinclaven United
Presbyterian Kirk Session records tell us that Annie left Airntully in November 1876 for Blackford...
Removed by certificate:
Anne Rogers, Airntully, to Blackford Free Church (Nov 13th 1876)
The reason for the move was to stay with her sister
Janet, and her family, the Patons. Annie lived next door to the Patons for the rest of her life, initially in New Street in Blackford,
and then in Glasgow. In the 1881 census, we find that her niece Maggie Paton (Janet's daughter) was
staying with her, and in this record Annie is described as a 42 year old annuitant, with Maggie listed as a 12 year old
By 1891, Annie had moved with the Patons to a tenement at
40 Springfield Road, and this time the census records her lodger as her other niece, 13 year old Andrewina
Annie finally passed away in her home at Springfield Road
on October 7th 1895, at 2.00pm, aged 59. The cause was apoplexy, as certified by Dr. Robert Greenhill. Her niece Maggie
informed the Glasgow registrar on the 8th (GROS:1895/644/01/0996).
1840 d: 3/6/1871
Margaret left Kinclaven parish to go to Perth on March
16th 1868, after obtaining a certificate from the local minister of the United Presbyterian Church, where she worked as domestic
She returned to Airntully on December 4th 1868,
back at Airntully in Kinclaven, Perthshire, to marry David Low, in a ceremony performed by the Reverend John
Brown of the United Presbyterian Church. David was a 54 year old tailor and widower, living in Stanley, and was the son
of a farmer, William Low, and his wife Isabella Robertson, both of whom were deceased at
the time. Margaret was a 28 year old domestic servant living in Perth. The witnesses to the wedding were William Low and Catherine
Roger, and the marriage was registered on the 5th in Kinclaven (GROS:1868/365/0/0004).
In August 1969, Margaret gave birth to her only son, James.
In October 1870, Margaret's great uncle Dr. William
Henderson of Perth died. In his will, William bequeathed Margaret the sum of fifty pounds (in 2002, the equivalent value was
In the 1871 census, we learn that Margaret's husband David
had in fact been previously married, and had four other sons, making Margaret their stepmother. As well as her own son
James, also present in the house were William Low, an unmarried 21 year old clerk,
John Low, a draper's assistant, Robert Low, a 16 year old grocer's assistant, and 13 year
old Alex Low, a scholar - all were born in Auchtergaven. Margaret would have been a busy lady running after
them all! The family lived at 5 Ellen Street, Dundee, a house with four rooms with one or more windows (GROS:1871/282/04/21/40/19).
Tragically though, Margaret was to die on June 3rd 1871, the
cause being scarlet fever, as certified by Dr. Peter Young. On her death entry in the register, we learn that she had
been living at 3 Ellen Street in Dundee. Her husband informed the Dundee registrar on the 5th.
CHILD of MARGARET ROGERS and DAVID
James was born at 2.00am on August 3rd 1869, at Stanley House,
Auchtergaven, Perthshire. His father, listed as a journeyman tailor, informed the registrar on the 9th (GROS:1869/330/00/40).
In the 1881 census, James was listed as being a boarder at
75 Victoria Road, Dundee, Forfarshire, the home of 71 year old widow Jane Mitchell. He is described in the
census as a scholar (GROS:1881/282-4/13/40).
Catherine was born in Kinclaven parish, Perthshire, Scotland,
in 1843. She later married Thomas Roger Brown, son of Peter Brown and Ann Roger,
on January 11th 1870, at Airntully, in Kinclaven. The wedding was performed by the Reverend John Brown according to
the forms of the United Presbyterian Church. Thomas was a joiner who had been recently widowed, and who was living at
Robertson's Land, Perth Road, Dundee, whilst Catherine herself was described as a domestic servant from Airntully. The
witnesses to the ceremony were Catherine's father James and her sister Ann, and the marriage was registered in Kinclaven on
the 13th (GROS:1870/365/00/01).
After the wedding, the settled in Dundee in Angus, where
they went on to have at least three children. In October 1870, Catherine's great uncle Dr.
William Henderson of Perth died. In his will, William bequeathed Catherine the sum of fifty pounds (in 2002, the equivalent value
In the 1871 census, Catherine was recorded as living at 312 Perth Road, Dundee along
with Thomas (listed as a 27 year old joiner born in Errol, Perthshire), her son James, and her two year old stepson Alexander
(Ancestry: GROS 1871 282/1/4 Sched 248).
CHILDREN of CATHERINE ROGERS and
THOMAS ROGER BROWN:
James Rogers Brown
James was born in Dundee, Angus, on October 24th, 1870.
James married Annie Agnes Young,
and had four children by her. He emigrated to South Africa, and died in Durban on April 18th 1943.
CHILDREN of JAMES ROGERS BROWN and ANNIE AGNES YOUNG:
Allen Rogers Brown
Grandfather of Malcolm Rogers Brown.
Thomas was born in Dundee, Angus, on June 27th 1872.
Catherine Roger Brown
Catherine was born in Dundee, Angus, on August 22nd 1873.
1847 (in Kinclaven)
Mary was born in Kinclaven, Perthshire, in 1847. In 1851 she
was listed in the census as a scholar, and in 1861 she was a linen weaver.
In 1863, Mary gave birth to an illegitimate son, Thomas,
in Airntully. It is not known how her family felt about this, but it would be worth checking the Kirk Session records for Kinclaven
to see what the Church thought!
In October 1870, Mary's great uncle Dr. William Henderson of Perth died. In his will, William bequeathed Mary the sum of fifty pounds (in 2002, the equivalent value was £2925).
CHILDREN of MARY ROGER and (UNKNOWN):
Thomas was born at Airntully in the parish of Kinclaven on January 17th 1863, at
6.00am. At the time of his birth, his mother was a house servant. His birth was registered by his grandfather James
Rogers on February 3rd 1863 (GROS:1863/365/00/03).
Janet Roger (Rodger)
1836 - 3/11/1906
Janet was Calum's and Jamie's great great great
Janet's birth record has yet to be found, with her family being of a dissenting presbyterian
faith, but census records establish her birth to have been in approximately 1836 in Perthshire.
Janet married William Hay Paton on 2nd December 1859 in the United Presbyterian Manse, Kinclaven, by the Reverend David Young. Janet
was a domestic servant and at the time of her marriage, living in Airntully, in the parish. William was a currier, a leather
preparer, living in Glasgow as an apprentice. Her father acted as a witness to the wedding, as did William's stepfather, Stewart
After the marriage, the couple settled initially in the Calton area of Glasgow, where their first son James
was born in 1860. In the 1861 census, Janet was listed as living with James, and her husband William, at 304 Gallowgate, Calton,
Glasgow (GROS:644/4/48/4/3). By 1864 the family had settled in Blackford, Perthshire.
According to the Glasgow electoral
register of 1888, William and Janet moved to 40 Springfield Road in Bridgeton, where they remained until at least William's
death in 1894. The 1891 census tells us that the house that they lived in had three rooms or more, with at least one window.
In the 1901 census, Janet was still living at 40 Springfield Road, and her occupation is listed as housekeeper, at home. Her
daughters Andrewina and Margaret were living with her, as was her son Joseph.
Janet moved yet again to 94 Cumberland Street, where she eventually died on November 3rd
1906 at 10.50pm. The cause was cardiac failure, 1 day, as certified by Dr. Robert Greenhill, surgeon. The informant to the
registrar two days later was her son William, who was based in Perth at the time. In her death notice, Janet's
father was listed as an estate overseer.
Following her death, a will left by Janet was confirmed with her son James as executor:
Settlement by Janet Roger or Paton
Lodged, 6th November, 1906
I, Janet Paton, Widow of William Hay Paton, presently residing at 94 Cumberland
Street, East, Glasgow, do hereby bequeath my whole moveable estate to my eldest son James Paton, Addiscombe Grove, Croydon,
Surrey, whom I appoint to be my Executor, and I direct my said Executor to pay or to deliver to the persons after-named, the
following legacies out of said estate, namely:- to my daughters Margaret Paton and Andrewina Roger Paton all my household
effects, besides an equal share along with my other sons and daughters of all the money of which I may die possessed. In Witness
Whereof I have subscribed these presents at Glasgow this twenty ninth day of August in the year Nineteen hundred &
six in presence of the subscribing witnesses.
(Signed) Janet Paton. John Maxwell, Clerk, 243 Eglinton St., Glasgow, Witness.
Robt. Chalmers, Clerk, 36 White St. Partick, Witness. Glasgow 6th Novr. 1906. This is the Testament referred to in my Affadavit
of this date. (Signed) James Paton. W. Wright, S.C.D.
CHILDREN of JANET ROGER and WILLIAM
David Hepburn Paton
David was Calum's and Jamie's great great grandfather - see Paton - Part Three page.
Jessie Ann Henderson Paton
b: 1868 approx
Mary Roger Paton
Joseph Woodroff Paton
b: 1875 d: 23/7/1942
Alexandrewina R. Paton
Connecting to Calum and Jamie
Janet Rodger married William Hay Paton in 1859
Son, David Hepburn Paton, married Jessie McFarlane in 1889
Son, Charles Paton, married Jane Currie in 1934
Son, Colin Paton, married Charlotte Harper Graham in 1969
Son, Christopher Mark Paton, married Claire Patricia
Giles in 2000
Sons, Calum Graham Paton and Jamie Christopher Paton